The global wine production market is dominated by Italy, and followed by the other traditional wine producing countries of France and Spain. The total cultivated area for the harvest of grapes for wine in Italy amounted to roughly 622 thousand hectares as of 2016. In addition, the production of organic wines is widespread. In fact, the area designated to organic viticulture is quite extensive and peaks in regions such as Sicily and Apulia.
Given its nature as a wine producing country, Italy is also a major exporter of wine, especially when looking at regional supplier data, where Veneto, Piedmont and Tuscany occupy the first three positions. In addition, in 2015, the leading destination countries of Italian wine exports were the United States, Germany and the United Kingdom.
Additionally, certified wine production is an important segment of the Italian wine industry. Two main certifications exist: Protected Designation of Origin (PDO) and Protected Geographical Indication (PGI), which count 405 and 118 products as of 2016. On a regional level, Piedmont, Tuscany and Veneto count the greatest number of PDO and PGI wine products.